Hey, this is my complete guide on how to secure PC Windows in 2021. So if you want to secure your PC Windows, you’ll love to read this guide.
Living in a digital era, almost everyone is conversant with the internet. We always go to Google when we need information on various subjects. Today, we have gone a step further, and we are not only using the internet to source information, but we are also using it as a business platform.
Although the internet has offered us great benefits, the truth is, every time we click on a link on the internet, we put ourselves at risk of cyber threats. Hackers are continually upping their game by using various techniques to achieve one goal – to gain access into your personal information.
Learning how to keep your Windows PC secure can help you prevent hackers from gaining access to your personal information. It can also help protect your PC from malware attacks.
This article will look at some of the risks that PC users face and tips on how they can keep their devices secure in 2021.
So let’s get started.
Although there are many potential threats that PC users face. Below, we will look at the most common types of security threats that you as a user should look out for.
Risks That PC Users Face:
The greatest threat that PC users face is attacks from malware. Malware is the term that is often used to refer to any malicious software that is intended to gain access to a computer, network, or server for spying, stealing, and sabotage purposes.
There are various types of malware such as; ransomware, adware, spyware, trojan, worms, fileless malware, bots, and rootkits. Although all the mentioned malware causes a significant threat to your PC, the most damaging is ransomware.
Cybercriminals use ransomware to access the user’s data, and then they encrypt it so that the data can only be accessed by the attacker. The attacker then asks for a ransom from the user, threatening that they will either keep the data locked or permanently have it deleted.
2. Information And Identity Theft:
Almost everyone keeps their personal data on their PCs, but have you ever posed for just one minute and thought of what could happen if your personal data happened to fall into the hands of cybercriminals? Hackers have been trying to steal personal information from user’s accounts for a long time, and they are not going to stop anytime soon.
Some of the information that is usually targeted by hackers include:
- Financial accounts (banks and financial services)
- Email accounts
- Social media sites.
Once cybercriminals have gained access to any of the information mentioned above, they can impersonate you by using the data acquired. For instance, a cybercriminal can use information gained from your financial accounts to carry out money transactions without your knowledge.
3. Spam And Phishing:
Every email inbox has a spam folder. This is where all unsolicited emails are kept. Sometimes we regard spam emails as harmless, and we go ahead and click on them. However, some spam emails contain malicious malware, and by clicking on them, you put yourself at risk of cyber threats.
Like spam emails, phishing can come through various channels such as emails, text messages, phone calls, malicious ads, and apps. Phishing schemes usually disguise themselves and can appear to be legit, prompting you to click on them. For instance, you can receive an email supposedly from your bank asking you to share some of your personal information with them.
Having looked at some of the risks that internet users face. Let’s now look at some of the things you can do to ensure that your computer is secured and protected from security threats.
How To Secure Your PC Windows?
- Install an antivirus, anti-malware, and anti-spyware software
- Have multiple passwords
- Make use of VPNs
- Two-factor authentication
- Make use of a firewall
1. Install An Antivirus, Anti-Malware, & Anti-Spyware Software:
Installing and keeping your software updated is one way to protect yourself against all manner of malicious software. Finding an effective software can go a long way in protecting your PC from the different types of malware we mentioned earlier.
2. Have Multiple Passwords:
One of the easiest ways hackers use to gain access to your information is getting a batch of passwords and username combinations from one source, and trying them out elsewhere. Having different unique and strong passwords for your logins is a simple way to protect your data.
3. Make Use Of VPNs:
Making use of unsecured Wi-Fi or network servers is one way that users put themselves at risk. To ensure that your security is not breached while using unsecured networks, always use a Virtual Private Network (VPN).
The use of VPNs ensures that you get to hide your IP address, making it hard for hackers to see your identity or even your location while surfing the net.
4. Two-Factor Authentication:
Two-factor authentication means that you will need to pass several levels of authentication to gain access into accounts. Initially, a username and a password was all that was required to get into accounts, and as discussed earlier, these are easy to hack.
However, by making use of two-factor authentication, even if a cybercriminal manages to get hold of your password and username, they cannot be given access to your account as you will be notified and asked to grant permission.
5. Make Use Of A Firewall:
A firewall is an essential tool that acts as a boundary around your computer. It blocks all unauthorized incoming and outgoing sources from accessing your data. Windows PCs have built-in firewall abilities, and users should take advantage of them by keeping their firewall network updated.
There are many ways that users can use to keep their PCs secured, such as:
- Being wary of clicking on any email that they receive
- making online payments using their phones instead of their PCs
- Clearing the browser cache
- Making use of separate email addresses for various accounts.
Although cybercrime has become more prominent and dangerous, with hackers coming with more sophisticated ways to steal your information every day, do not fret. Although the tips mentioned above on protecting your device may seem trivial, they go a long way in ensuring that your data is protected.
The list is in the least exhaustive. Keep yourself informed, practice good surfing habits, and you will not have to worry about cybercrime.